Essay About ER

Have you ever found yourself in the ER complaining of fever, muscle aches, headache, nausea, and rash, which progressed over several hours rapidly? You had not been exposed to sick people, illicit drugs, or recent travel yet you still are feeling bad could not figure out why. Simply to learn, you have an infectious disease such as meningitis? You’re not alone; many people find themselves yearly sitting in a hospital due to infectious diseases, which could likely have been prevented if we were educated on managing and reducing the contraction of infectious diseases. Infectious diseases can hinge on several main ideas when it comes to managing and reducing the contraction: environment, physical and nonphysical contraction, and screening.

Infectious disease sounds scary, right? But what most people don’t know is infectious diseases aren’t always scary or life-threatening. There are many ways to manage or reduce your chances of contracting infectious diseases such as washing your hands. Many factors come into play when dealing with infectious diseases such as environments, and population density.

With more people traveling far and wide and becoming exposed to other environmental pathogens, “Factors that have contributed to these changes are population growth, migration from rural areas to cities, international air travel, poverty, wars, and destructive ecological changes due to economic development and land use.” (“Emerging Infectious Diseases”, 2019).

A tip if exposed to these listed environments to reduce infectious disease contraction would be to practice these few things: know what infectious diseases are known in the country you’re going to, go to clean and sanitary food establishments, vaccinate, and take care of hygienes. 

The physical and nonphysical contraction has a large role in the management or reduction of infectious diseases, just like the environment. Some of the ways infectious diseases can be contracted physically mean through direct body contact either sexually, mouth to mouth, skin, and birthing. 

In Sean Williams article “the 5 most common infectious diseases” you will find infectious disease such as HIV/AIDS viruses, “has claimed nearly 14 million lives since the epidemic began in the 1980s”. HIV and AIDS are infectious diseases that are related to physical contraction, most people diagnosed with these incurable immune systems attacking infectious disease will contract it physically through sexual intercourse, while giving birth, or even through skin contact. If that’s not worrying enough, “the combination of AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis is responsible for half (approximately 5 million) of all infectious-disease deaths each year” (Williams, 2018). 

Malaria and tuberculosis are contracted nonphysical. Malaria can only be contracted through blood transfusions, mosquito bites or organ transplants while tuberculosis can be contracted through the air and mucus exchange; HIV and AIDS also share some these nonphysical contraction characteristics.

One of the most important factors that contribute to managing and reducing the contraction of infectious diseases is screenings. Screenings have played a big part in finding cures and reducing the contraction, due to its importance doctors and even the government promotes doing yearly screenings and make it a requirement for certain activities.

Infectious diseases have great consequences if not properly managed, with environments, physical and nonphysical contraction, and screening being important factors that help with managing and reducing contraction of infectious diseases. Outbreaks are bound to happen and by using the skills we learned we can establish the threat and redirect resources where needed, and mitigate the risks posed by infectious disease.